Originally, Maloja was not the name of a place, but of the pass. Unlike the neighbouring mountain transits, which were already used by the Romans, it only took on significance when the present-day road was built in the 19th century. Thanks to the pioneering spirit of the Belgian count, Camille de Renesse, the village of Maloja established itself along the new pass Road towards the end of the 19th century. De Renesse was so enchanted by the magnificent Alpine scenery that he decided to build a holiday resort for the aristocracy. Consequently, he built the gigantic Hotel Maloja Palace, the Hotel Schweizerhaus, the two churches, Belvedere Castle and various villas. But his plans failed, and today Maloja is a small, family-friendly holiday village. The megalomaniac Belgium count was, in fact, not the first to leave his mark on the area. The village's history actually began in 2,000 BC, when the first hunters roamed the region. Maloja's ornamental stones, ancient stone tombs and old coins bear witness to these times.