Schwyz looks back on a long historical development, which was always formative connected with the founding of the Confederation. However, the place is much older, because the first documentary mention as "Suittes" is already in the year 972nd. The legend says that once in this area two Alemannic brothers "Suit" and "Sven" would have settled, then " Suit "prevailed as the main character. A Merovingian church from the 8th century and even older Alemannic tombs prove the high age of Schwyz, which was initially called "Ze Kilchgassen". The typical character of Schwyz includes not only the historic center, but also the scattered on the outskirts of the village numerous stately patrician houses from the 17th / 18th Century, partly small castles with its own chapel and ring wall. All in all, there are about thirty of these magnificent buildings, which are almost all privately owned. Many of them are witnesses of the once flourishing “Reisläuferei” (foreign war services), which arrest many Schwyzer family to fame and fortune.